An unusually broad tie-up of browser makers is working on faster Web performance using new technology that bridges a years-old divide in the browser world.
An unlikely partnership between rivals may be the key to a much faster experience on the Internet.
After working behind closed doors for months, browser engineers on Wednesday unveiled a project called WebAssembly. The effort, now taking place in public, aims to marry the unbeatable reach of the Web with the speed of software written to run natively on operating systems like Apple’s iOS, Microsoft’s Windows and Google’s Android.
WebAssembly could potentially rebuild the foundations of the computing industry and is the result of the unification of two groups — one from Mozilla’s Firefox team and supported by Microsoft, the other from Google’s Chrome team — that were previously deadlocked on opposite sides of a sometimes fractious debate. The result: an ability to browse the Web much faster, as well as a smoother experience when loading Web apps like Google Photos.
“Having something like WebAssembly would be awesome,” said Yevgeniy Shpika, a co-founder of browser-based photo editing site Pics.io. “It would save at least 20 percent of our budget.” Read more →
(CNN) The horrific attack at a historic church in Charleston, South Carolina, was allegedly carried out by a young white man who appeared to have deliberately targeted the church simply because it was serving African-Americans. Witnesses say the suspect said he was there “to shoot black people,” a law enforcement official said. By any reasonable standard, this is terrorism, which is generally defined as an act of violence against civilians by individuals or organizations for political purposes.
But do the thought experiment: If this attack on the church in Charleston had been conducted by a Muslim man shouting “Allahu akbar,” what is already a big news story would have become even bigger, as it would appear to fit so well into the political and media narrative that Muslim militants are the major terrorist problem in the United States. Read more →
Over the last 2 decades, adults around the world modestly increased their intake of healthy dietary items, but this trend was exceeded by increases in consumption of unhealthy items, according to an analysis of global dietary patterns (Imamura F et al.Lancet Glob Health. 2015;3:e132-e142).
Study finds global diet quality declined, despite increased consumption of healthy foods.
UCLA stakes an early claim to leadership in clinical genomic sequencing.
A. Eugene Washington, MD, MSc Vice Chancellor, UCLA Health Sciences Dean, David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA Gerald S. Levey, MD, Endowed Chair
Yes, the future does often exist somewhere. In the case of genomic medicine, that place is UCLA. I witnessed it firsthand when I participated last July in the eye-opening weekly case conference of our Clinical Genomics Center (CGC). This collaboration among multiple departments in the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and UCLA Health System has set the standard for the transformation of molecular medicine to the new era of genomic medicine.
Moving beyond traditional genetic testing of one or a few genes at a time, the CGC utilizes so-called “next-generation” or “massively parallel” DNA sequencing to obtain full DNA sequences of all the protein-coding regions in the human genome, about 30-million nucleotides of genetic code comprising about 20,000 genes.
At least 400 million people lack access to essential health services, the World Health Organization and World Bank said Friday in a new report that they described as a “wake-up call” about the challenges to achieving universal health coverage.
The report also said that at least 6 percent of people in 37 low-and-middle-income countries are living in poverty because of the money they must spend on health. That finding alone suggested that the poorest could be left further behind by rising global health costs.
“The world’s most disadvantaged people are missing out on even the most basic services,” Dr. Marie-Paule Kieny, assistant director-general for health systems and innovation at the W.H.O., said in a statement announcing the 98-page report, which was released online and at a news conference at United Nations headquarters in New York. Read more →
Within the last decade, the phrase “gut feelings” has taken on a whole new meaning. Traditionally, scientists have focused on the role of the central nervous system in regulating our moods and behaviors, but a paradigm shift is afoot, with new research revealing a unique role of our gut microbiota in influencing emotion.
A seminal study published in 2004 provided some of the first evidence of bidirectional interaction between gut bacteria and the brain, demonstrating that germ-free (GF) mice without commensal microorganisms have an exaggerated response to stress, accompanied by altered brain chemistry and elevated stress hormones, which could be normalized by administration of a single type of bacterium, Bifidobacterium infantis (Sudo N et al. J Physiol. 2004;558[pt 1]:263-275).
In November, with the Ebola outbreak in West Africa showing no signs of slowing, the list of people climbing aboard planes to Liberia and Sierra Leone was not terribly long. Deborah Theobald, the co-founder of Cambridge-based health care company Vecna Technologies, was one of them. Accompanying her were two new tools that, it was hoped, could aid health workers trying to care for stricken patients.One was a briefcase-sized electronic medical record system, a field-ready version of a product that Vecna Technologies designed to digitally store and share patient information.
The other was “telepresence” robot made by New Hampshire company VGo Communications — a camera and recording system on wheels that could be controlled from afar by an iPad app, meant to help nurses talk to each other across containment zones. Read more →
AFRICAN NATIONS are taking steps toward creating a free-trade zone with a combined size of $2 trillion, as heads of state meet in Johannesburg this week.
This comes after a potentially historic deal was signed in Egypt this week that created a common market that would span half the continent from Cairo to Cape Town.
Talks on removing the barriers to trade and the movement of people between the continent’s 54 countries will begin on June 15 at the African Union summit and conclude by the end of 2017, Fatima Haram Acyl, the AU’s trade commissioner, said in an interview on Thursday.
Progress on creating a continental trade bloc inched forward on Wednesday after an agreement on a free-trade area was signed in Egypt between three regional groups: the Common Market for East and Southern Africa, the East African Community and the Southern African Development Community. Read more →
Clinical Question Are pharmacological interventions associated with better-quality sleep and alertness in shift workers?
Bottom Line Low-quality evidence shows that melatonin is associated with 24 minutes longer daytime sleep after the shift but not with faster falling asleep compared with placebo. There is no association between hypnotics, such as zopiclone, and sleep outcomes, alertness, or harms. The alertness-promoting medications armodafinil and modafinil are associated with improved alertness during shift work but are also associated with headache and nausea.
In the United States, 29% of workers do not work regular daytime shifts.1 Shift work is associated with reduced sleep duration, impaired daytime sleep quality, and reduced alertness during night shifts.2,3 Workers frequently use pharmacological products to ameliorate the adverse effects of shift work.4,5 This JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes data from a Cochrane review6 of pharmacological interventions for sleepiness and sleep disturbances caused by shift work.
Importance To our knowledge, no previous epidemiologic study has investigated the association between all antioxidants in the diet and age-related cataract. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) concept aims to measure the capacity from all antioxidants in the diet by also taking synergistic effects into account.
Objective To investigate the association between the TAC of the diet and the incidence of age-related cataract in a population-based prospective cohort of middle-aged and elderly women.
Design, Setting, and Participants Questionnaire-based nutrition survey within the prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort study, which included 30 607 women (aged 49-83 years) who were observed for age-related cataract incidence for a mean of 7.7 years.
Exposure The TAC of the diet was estimated using a database of foods analyzed with the oxygen radical absorbance capacity assay.
Main Outcomes and Measures Information on incident age-related cataract diagnosis and extraction was collected through linkage to registers in the study area.
Results There were 4309 incident cases of age-related cataracts during the mean 7.7 years of follow-up (234 371 person-years). The multivariable rate ratio in the highest quintile of the TAC of the diet compared with the lowest was 0.87 (95% CI, 0.79-0.96; P for trend = .03). The main contributors to dietary TAC in the study population were fruit and vegetables (44.3%), whole grains (17.0%), and coffee (15.1%).
Conclusions and Relevance Dietary TAC was inversely associated with the risk of age-related cataract. Future studies examining all antioxidants in the diet in relation to age-related cataract are needed to confirm or refute our findings.