Southern Africa health news

Therapy to Go

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork Stanford Magazine   New app puts psychologists a tap away.   COGNITIVE BEHAVIORAL THERAPY, or CBT, is a type of psychotherapy that teaches patients to identify and manage the thoughts that give rise to negative emotions and unhealthy behaviors. It’s been shown to be highly effective in treating mood and …

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Can Knee Cartilage Be Regrown?

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork Stanford Magazine   STANFORD WILL SHINE ANOTHER SPOTLIGHT on the curative potential of stem-cell technology this year with an innovative approach to treating damaged cartilage and osteoarthritis. Already enthused by results from the lead-up work, Jason Dragoo, associate professor of orthopaedic surgery, is preparing to launch a human trial for …

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Role of Genes in Obesity and Body Fat Distribution

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA Tracy Hampton, PhD Lab Reports | April 7, 2015 By analyzing genetic samples from 224 459 individuals, researchers identified 49 genomic loci associated with waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), 33 of which are novel (Shungin D et al. Nature. 2015;518[7538]:187-196). Of these 49 loci, 19 showed significant sex-specific differences, suggesting that genetic regulation of fat …

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Researchers Look to MRI and Biomarkers to Help Improve Detection of Aggressive Prostate Cancers

follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA A patient’s wife once told urology surgeon Peter Pinto, MD, that there was no way she’d agree to have a dozen biopsy needles stuck blindly into her breast just because a blood test suggested she might have cancer. But that’s exactly what happens with many men whose cancer screening …

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Gut Bacteria Combined With Poor Diet May Promote Childhood Malnutrition

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA April 21, 2015, Vol 313, No. 15 M. J. Friedrich A recent study reported that bacteria in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract of undernourished infants from Malawi promote development of kwashiorkor, shedding light on how gut microbes interact with diet and the immune system to contribute to severe childhood malnutrition (Kau …

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Why the “No-Brainer” HPV Vaccine Is Being Ignored

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA Rodney Willoughby, MD, a pediatric infectious disease specialist at the Medical College of Wisconsin, can’t help thinking about the future—a future in which thousands of men and women develop precancerous or cancerous lesions that could have been prevented had they been vaccinated against the human papillomavirus (HPV) as 11- …

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Folate Supplements for Stroke Prevention

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA Targeted Trial Trumps the Rest Editorial | April 7, 2015 The effect of folate supplementation on cardiovascular disease has been studied in many observational studies and randomized trials and has been a topic of debate for a number of years. In this issue of JAMA, Huo and colleagues1 provide results …

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Toward Primary Prevention of Type 1 Diabetes

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA April 21, 2015, Vol 313, No. 15 > The incidence of type 1 diabetes has been progressively increasing during the past several decades, particularly among children younger than 5 years.1 At the same time, there has been substantial progress in understanding the pathogenesis of the disease and identifying those …

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Electronics for the Human Body

 follow us on twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork JAMA SCIENTIFIC DISCOVERY AND THE FUTURE OF MEDICINE The human body is soft, curvilinear, and continuously evolving; modern electronic devices are rigid, planar, and physically static. Recent research has yielded a complete set of advanced materials, manufacturing approaches, and design layouts that eliminates this profound mismatch in properties. The resulting …

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New Diagnostic Device May Help End Africa’s Struggle With Malaria

Follow us on Twitter: @GoAfricaNetwork For over two decades, the quest to develop a working malaria vaccine has proven largely fruitless. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), about 3.2 billion people worldwide are at risk of being diagnosed with malaria. Every year, nearly 198 million cases are identified. WHO says a significant number of the almost 200 million …

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